Citizen science is defined as scientific work undertaken by members of the general public, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions, and citizen scientists, in the modern sense, are defined as “a scientist whose work is characterized by a sense of responsibility to serve the best interests of the wider community” or “‘a member of the general public who engages in scientific work, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions'” an amateur scientist.
There is a long standing tradition of citizen science, starting in the beginning of the past century, for project like the Christmas Bird Count (CBC) is a census of birds in the Western Hemisphere, performed annually in the early Northern-hemisphere winter by volunteer birdwatchers. With the rise of the internet, the involvement of non-scholar in scientific projects became easier and a lot of new citizen science project spread, in several fields from astronomy to biology. A list of some remarkable citizen science projects can be found here. The Social Dynamic team has been directly involved in the EveryAware project, aiming at the enhancement of environmental awareness through social information technology tools, in which the citizen science paradigm was one of the mainstays.
Awareness and learning in participatory noise sensing (Journal Article)
PLoS ONE, 8 , pp. e81638-1–e81638-12, 2013.
CROSSROAD Project, 2010.